What are the capital requirements for a business

By David Harrison
Content writer
Published: 31 December 20181 minute read
What are the capital requirements for a business

Table of Contents

Whether you’re starting up, already established or are considering purchasing an existing business, understanding the capital requirements involved at each stage in your development is crucial. Without this knowledge, making sound financial decisions and striking a suitable balance between your income and operating expenses will, no doubt, be a struggle. But by critically analysing every aspect of your business on a regular basis, staying in control of your finances and making sure there is enough room to support further growth will become more manageable. So, what are the capital requirements for a business?

What are capital requirements for a business?

All across the UK, there are businesses operating across a variety of sectors and industries. Naturally, each of them will have their own set of unique capital requirements, enabling them to support their day-to-day operations and pursue further growth. Yet in order to meet these requirements and maintain their bottom line, generating enough capital through the sale of goods and/or services is mandatory. So the basic capital requirements for any UK business includes:

Initial Start-up Costs

Starting up is often the most challenging stage in managing your own business, namely because of the initial costs. These are the mandatory expenses that you need to set up the early infrastructure of your business and begin trading. Depending on the type of business in question, this could involve anything from office supplies, licenses, permits, insurance, equipment costs and supplies to marketing expenses (e.g. business cards and local newspaper ads).

Coping with your business’ capital requirements? Need fast access to additional funds? Apply for Working Capital Finance or learn more about how your business could benefit.

Fixed Costs

Fixed Costs describes the expenses your business consistently generates, regardless of whether your income increases or decreases. So to elaborate, this may involve finance repayments, premises rent, equipment, depreciation and insurance premiums.

Variable Costs

On the other hand, as the name suggests, Variable Costs are the expenses your business incurs which are likely to vary on a month by month basis or according to usage. As such, this could involve advertising costs, delivery charges and employee salaries.

Critical or Optional Expenses

Finally, you have your critical expenses which are intrinsic to your ability to operate effectively and, as such, can’t be reduced. Yet, in order to ascertain whether this is the case and appreciate the working capital requirements of your business, you need to outline all of your expenses clearly and establish a budget. Going through the list, you can begin noting whether they’re Critical or if they’re Optional Expenses that could be cut without adversely affecting your business.

How to calculate the Capitalization Rate for your business

If you’re looking to invest, gain investment or eventually sell up, understanding how much your business is currently worth is essential - which is where a Capitalization Rate (or Cap Rate) is so important. It’s used to help you, and any investors, to calculate how long it would take to regain your capital on a year-by-year basis. One way of achieving this is by requesting the services of a broker, who will take into account factors such as your market and chosen industry, deciding your rating. Yet if you are selling the business, they’ll take into account your annual Net Income (Revenue) and the capital expenditure/investment, enabling them to use the following formula:

Capitalization rate = Net Operating Income/Total Value of Sale (or investment)

A working example would be if you were selling your business for £1,000,000 when its estimated worth is £250,000. So if you was to take the business’ worth of £250,000 and divide it by £1,000,000, you get a Cap Rate of 0.25 or 25%. As such, providing the earning potential remains consistent, the buyer could hope to regain their capital expenditure in 4 years in time. Even if you’re not selling up, this formula can be adapted to service a variety of other needs as well, such as the return rate on a growth investment or equipment.

Looking to support your business’ capital requirement?

Supporting the development of any business isn’t easy, but can be made even more arduous without the necessary funds backing you up. However, if you need help in managing your business’ working capital expenses, there are a number of funding opportunities available that could assist. Thanks to the Alternative Finance industry, there is now an ever-increasing range of business finance opportunities available from a new generation of lenders, giving more and more business owners the confidence to succeed. All you need to do is source an agreement suitable for your business’ needs - which is where we can help.

At Rangewell, we’re an Access to Finance specialist working with over 350 lenders to offer you a comprehensive overview of more than 23,000 business finance products. Our services are free to use for business owners and their advisors, plus we’ll guide you through the entire application process. So if you’re looking for help supporting your business’ capital requirements, apply for Working Capital Finance today or find out more with Rangewell.

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